May 27, 2002
The Parkway system in Westchester
County serves a model for such roadways, as it was the first of its kind to be
developed. The parkways contrast with unlimited-access local roads
that serve the areas where we live, work and spend the great deal of our
time, and the interstate highways that let us speed along without knowing
where we are as long as we get to where were going. The Westchester County
Parkways were originally a mix of the other two systems. There are numerous
exit/entrance ramps that let us into local areas, but the landscape and
man-made features surrounding the roadway are designed coherently along
the entire road, with amenities to service travelers. Scenic bridges and
lodges were intended to blend into the scene. The Westchester parkways
were built along streams or rivers, and meadows and trees were laid out
and planted to create a park-like atmosphere. (Hence the ignorance in the
joke "Why do we drive in the parkway, but park in the driveway?" - We really
drive through a "park-way.")
The Westchester system began with the conservation-minded interest of William Niles, who sought a solution to the pollution in the Bronx River. The Parkway may originally have been devised as a park with sewage control for the river, but a roadway was included in the 1907 Bronx Parkway Commission. The roadway concept surely was palatable to real estate investors, who helped push for the Parkway. New suburbs would, and did, spring up along the parkways. The Bronx River Parkway was completed by 1924, and two years later the Saw Mill River Parkway opened its first segment.
The two service stations along the
Saw Mill River Parkway have been abandoned since 1980. The nearly identical
stone buildings have cedar gables facing the road and wood-shingle roofs. The
west building featured gas pumps behind the station, not visible from the road.
Along the northbound lanes the pumps were located between the road and the east
building. A police office was also included in the building. Architect Clinton
Lloyd designed the buildings, and landscape architect Gilmore Clarke planned the
shaded pump station near the Saw Mill River. Mr. Clarke was instrumental in the
Bronx River Parkway and his work was later commissioned by the Westchester
County Parks Commission which oversaw the parkways. Other parkways include the
Hutchinson, Taconic State, Cross County, and the Sprain Brook.
The service stations and restaurants along the parkways have been outlawed, more or less. The speed of travelers increased over the years, but the Parkways physically remained the same. It would soon be that the only entrances or exits from the Parkways would be for local traffic, not for roadside stops. Presumably this was done to cut down on traffic accidents and control the flow of vehicles. And so it is in the dizzying pace to get where we want to be, we don't know where we are - just passin' thru. The service stations have been closed and neglected, but they retain beauty amongst the overgrowth.
These stations have survived abandonment long enough that there does not seem to be an imminent threat to their continued existence. On the other hand, there does not seem to be any rush to put them to adaptive reuse either. On the Bear Mountain Parkway, north of Peekskill, a similar service station has been restored as a Town of Cortlandt Visitors Center.
Saw Mill River Parkway Ruins
Yaz’ Hudson Valley Ruins and Abandoned Buildings, etc.
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This page and all photographs copyright © 2002 by Robert J. Yasinsac.